A Comparison of Self-Contained and Embedded Database Languages.

A. Christensen, Torben U. Zahle: A Comparison of Self-Contained and Embedded Database Languages. VLDB 1987: 209-216
  author    = {A. Christensen and
               Torben U. Zahle},
  editor    = {Peter M. Stocker and
               William Kent and
               Peter Hammersley},
  title     = {A Comparison of Self-Contained and Embedded Database Languages},
  booktitle = {VLDB'87, Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Very
               Large Data Bases, September 1-4, 1987, Brighton, England},
  publisher = {Morgan Kaufmann},
  year      = {1987},
  isbn      = {0-934613-46-X},
  pages     = {209-216},
  ee        = {db/conf/vldb/ChristensenZ87.html},
  crossref  = {DBLP:conf/vldb/87},
  bibsource = {DBLP,}


The purpose of this paper is to compare self-contained and embedded database languages. An overview is presented, summarising the differences between the two types. It is observed that the principle differences stem from the fact that many things are prespecified in the self-contained languages. It is then argued, that these prespecifications can be carried over to the embedded languages, thereby improving compactness. These embedded languages should also contain the possibility of overriding the prespecifications so that the flexibility of them is preserved. Finally, two examples of such improved embedded query languages are given and illustrated with examples.

Copyright © 1987 by the VLDB Endowment. Permission to copy without fee all or part of this material is granted provided that the copies are not made or distributed for direct commercial advantage, the VLDB copyright notice and the title of the publication and its date appear, and notice is given that copying is by the permission of the Very Large Data Base Endowment. To copy otherwise, or to republish, requires a fee and/or special permission from the Endowment.

Online Paper

ACM SIGMOD Anthology

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Printed Edition

Peter M. Stocker, William Kent, Peter Hammersley (Eds.): VLDB'87, Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Very Large Data Bases, September 1-4, 1987, Brighton, England. Morgan Kaufmann 1987, ISBN 0-934613-46-X
Contents BibTeX


[ASTR 75]
Morton M. Astrahan, Donald D. Chamberlin: Implementation of a Structured English Query Language. Commun. ACM 18(10): 580-588(1975) BibTeX
C. J. Date: Some Principles of Good Language Design (with especial reference to the design of database languages). SIGMOD Record 14(3): 1-7(1984) BibTeX
C. J. Date: A Critique of the SQL Database Language. SIGMOD Record 14(3): 8-54(1984) BibTeX
[STON 77]
Michael Stonebraker, Lawrence A. Rowe: Observations on Data Manipulation Languages and Their Embedding in General Purpose Programming Languages. VLDB 1977: 128-143 BibTeX

Referenced by

  1. Jean-Yves Lingat, Colette Rolland: PROQUEL: a PROgramming QUEry Language. DBPL 1989: 281-295
  2. Jean-Yves Lingat, Pierre Colignon, Colette Rolland: Rapid Application Prototyping the PROQUEL Language. VLDB 1988: 206-217
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